Showing posts from 2011

Arts: Four (4) Artistic Concerns

Arts: Four (4) Artistic Concerns

1. Emotion
- What feelings does the artist wish to express with his work?
- What emotions does the artwork evoke from the audience?

2. Style
- How did the artist compose the work to present a unique or a trend artpiece to express his concept?
- How did the audience perceive the artwork as based on the composition?

3. Beauty
- What is the artist's philosophy beauty?
- How does the audience perceive the work as beautiful?

4. Reality (a perception)
- What is the artist's level of experience and does it related to the audience?

Arts: The Five (5) Roles of an Artist

Arts: The Five (5) Roles of an Artist

1. Artist as a philosopher
- What is the artist's personal design philosophy?
- What is the artist's individual work philosophy?

2. Artist as a moralist/critic/educator
- Is the artist reacting to a moral/ethis issue?
- Is he artist reacting to a social trend?

3. Artist as a dreamer/prophet
-What doesn't exist in the material place as realized by an artist?

4. Artist as a recorder of time
- Is the artist reflecting a sentiment or trend of that time?

5. Artist as an entertainer
- How does the artwork entertain?

Music: Musical Presentations

Types of Musical Presentations

Symphony - a major work for an orchestra, including wind, string and percussion instruments

Concerto - an instrumental work that highlights a soloist or group of soloists

Sonata - a piece of classical music for a solo instrument or a small ensemble

Opera - a dramatic work where music is a dominant part of the performance, with actors often singing rathter than reciting their lines

Science: Biology - Manifestations of Life

Science: Biology - Manifestations of Life
Life - is a complex and dynamic system governed by biological laws and principles

Manifestations of Life
Defined Organizationhave cells, turn to tissues, to organs, to organ systems, and to organisms Metabolismanabolism - absorption and growthcatabolism - releasing of energyDevelopment and Growthsingle repeatedly divided and progressed Reproductionreplication/perpetuate their own child
Types of reproduction:asexual - reproduction without the involvement of sex cells sexual - reproduction with gametes or sex cells external fertilization [example: frogs and fish] internal fertilization other organisms Responsivenesscapacity to react or response to stimuli or the irritability stimuli - [light, heat, gravity, chemicals tough and sound] Genetic ControlDNA - genes which controls all the manifestations

Literature: Elements of Poetry

Elements of Poetry
Speaker/Persona - the person who is addressing the readerAudience - can be another character, or who is not present, or is dead, or the readerContent - the subject of the poemTheme - the meaning of the poemShape and Form - structured and free verseMood and Tone - feeling that the poet createsImagery - pictures we perceive by senses through poetic languageDiction - choice of wordsSyntax - organization of words, phrases and clausesFigurative Language - language which does not mean exactly what it says

Science: Types of Forces

There are four types of forces:
GravitationalElectromagneticWeak NuclearStrong Nuclear

Science: Motion and Laws of Motion

Science: Motion
Motion is an act of changing position with respect to a reference point.
It can be measured by:
speed (scalar quantity) – m/s, km/hr, mi/s (magnitude) velocity (vector quantity) – m/s eastward (magnitude direction) acceleration – m/s2, km/hr2
Laws of Motion

Law of Inertia
The resistance to change in motionLaw of Acceleration
directly proportional with force and inversely proportional with mass; a=F/mLaw of Interaction
for every action, there is equal / opposite reactionLaw of Universal Gravitation
G=6.67 x 10-11

Science: Astronomers and their Contributions

Science: Astronomers and their Contributions
Ptolemy, Claudius – Geocentric model (earth-centered)Copernicus, Nicholaus – Heliocentric model (uniform circular motion)Tycho Brahe – astronomical instrumentJohannes Kepler – Law of Orbit, Law of Equal Areas, Law of PeriodGalileo Galilei – telescope, thermometer, compass, pendulum, satellite of JupiterIsaac Newton – Law of Inertia, Law of Acceleration

Science: Measurement

Measurement is a process of comparing unknown quantity with a standard.

(7) Seven Fundamental Quantities
1. length – meter
2. mass – kilogram
3. time – seconds
4. temperature – Kelvin
5. amount of substance – mole
6. electric current – ampere
7. luminous – candela

Science: Scientific Method

The Scientific Method
Identify the problemObservationSenses (quality)Measure (quantify)Gather data (table, chart, graph, diagram)Formulate the Hypothesis (wise guess)ExperimentIndependent variableDependent variableInterpretDraw ConclusionRecommendation/Application

Blog: Filipino or English - Which language should I use for this blog?

Filipino or English: Which language should I use for this blog?

I am wondering which language should I use for this blog. Looking back to my real purpose of creating this site is to share my notes to Filipino students. So it should be in Filipino. However, we simply cannot write Math or Science in pure Filipino because there are so many English terms that don't have Filipino translation.

I am thinking of posting both Filipino and English version of every topic whenever possible. Though it may take so much time, I think that is much better and it would help those who search for what they needed.

I hope Google would easily search my blog so it will list on top 10 searches. It means I'm getting the writings on the right format. I need to ponder this for a while so I can actually come up with a much precise solution.

You, dear reader, do you have any idea or suggestion on how I can improve this? Any comments are welcome! Thank you so much! ~Angel

Filipino Translation:

Filipino o…

Reaction Paper: Exhibits in National Museum

Reaction Paper on the following exhibits in National Museum:
1. Telling Modern Time: The life and art of Botong Francisco Coching
2. War and Dissent: The U.S. in the Philippines
3. Philippine Haute Couture 1947-1990

Telling Modern Time: The life and art of Botong Francisco Coching 

Nabighani na naman kami sa magagandang drawings at paintings na nakita namin sa National Museum, 4th floor. Nalilito nga ako nung una… Dalawang tao pala ang involved sa exhibit ng Botong Francisco Coching. ‘Yun nga, si Botong Francisco, at si Francisco Coching. Ang galing ng mga komiks na gawa ni Coching. ‘Yun talaga and style ng komiks dati at nakapagaling ng kanyang komposisyon at mga anggulo. Magaganda rin ang pag-render at pagkulay sa mga title pages ng mga komiks. Nakakaengganya tuloy na gumawa muli ng komiks. May mga character designs din si Botong na makikita sa exhibit. Nakakatuwang balikan ang mga lumang bagay. Sa ngayon kasi, wala nang mga Pinoy komiks na gaya ng ganito.

Ang kuhang ito ay sa exhibit …

Blog: Read. Read. Read.

Read. Read. Read.

I didn't say that you have to read every book that you would encounter,
or that you have to read 24 hours a day.
Actually, I remember a quote I once read through chain text messages and it goes like this:

"Read anything 5 hours a week, and you'll soon be learned." by Samuel Johnson.

He's right, isn't he?
When you are traveling from home to school and you happen to pass by poster hanging on some establishments,
read what it says.
When log on to Facebook and browse some fan pages, read their information.
When you are looking at a college brochure, read it from top to bottom.
Just read. you can always learn something.

Anyways, I would like to share to you my reading habit. This habit actually makes me earn more English vocabulary. This also helps me in making English sentences, especially in making conversations.

I read Sir Nicholas Sparks' novels.

His stories are love stories enveloped in a simple southern life of North Carolina, U.S.A..

Tip No. 3: Practice Makes It Common

Tip No. 3: Practice Makes It Common

We always say that practice makes perfect. Actually, I'd rather say that practice makes it common. Let's put it like this:

How many times do you actually write your name before it seemed like the easiest thing to write?

Or how many times have you made a coffee for yourself?

We have written our names since we started to go to school, so whenever we write our name, it seemed like we can write it even with our eyes closed.

I have made myself a cup of coffee every now and then, and even though I don't have a rule on how many teaspoons of sugar or creamer was right for the kind of coffee that I want, I always get the same taste that I learned to appreciate.

When you make things so common in your life by putting it on a daily routine, doing in a regular basis, thinking about it more often, or appreciating it as a valuable thing, you wouldn't even recognize that you actually know so much about it.

Collections of Quotes / Quotations

Collections of Quotes / Quotations ^_^

See it here:

Theory of the Arts: 4 Stages to Critical Analysis (Criticism)

Theory of the Arts: 4 Stages to Critical Analysis ( Criticism )

Initial Reactioninitial identification to a work of artDescriptionorganization in a work; how principles of art have been used to arrange elements in a work of artInterpretationidentifying meaning; the artist's expression / communication of feelings, moods and ideas in a work of artEvaluationjudgment; assessing the meaning and artistic merit in a work of art

Sociology: McDonaldization of Society

Sociology: McDonaldization of Society

McDonaldization of Society by: George Ritzer (1993)

- the way in which traditional, spontaneous, rule of thumb methods of social organization are replaced by abstract, explicit and carefully calculated rules and procedures

- the process in which the priciples of fast food restaurant are coming  to dominate more and more sectors of society for the rest of the world
- the increasing rationalization of the routine tasks of everyday life

5 Dominant Themes of Mcdonaldization
Efficiency: choosing of means to reach a specific end rapidly with the least amount of cost or effortCalculability: emphasis onthings that can be calculated and quantified [ quantification: tendency to emphasize quantity rather than quality ]Predictability: rational people need to know what to expect, they wanted to be sure that fun, satisfaction, taste and benefis they receive today will be repeated againIncrease Control: everything is pre-packed, pre-me…

Sociology: Attitude Towards Cultural Variations

Sociology: Attitude Towards Cultural Variations

1. Ethnocentrism
practice of judging all other cultures by one's own culturebased on assumption that one's way of life is superior to all othersforms of ethnocentrism            - positive ethnocentrism: school songs, national anthem, pledge to flags/patriotism
          - negative ethnocentrism: customs, dress, eating habits, religious beliefs is marked differently from those of dominant group members

2. Cultural Relativism
inverse/opposite of Ethnocentrismpractice of judging other cultures by his own context3. Xenocentrism
preference the products, styles, ideas, or ideas of someone else's culture rather than of one's own (colonial mentality); Xeno means foreign4. Cultural Shock
when you are confronted with other culture, there is a feeling of anxiety and disorientation5. Cultural Lag
maladaptationmaladjustmentthere is rapid improvement when something was not adjust to it

Sociology: Universal Concept of Suicide

Universal Concept of Suicide

*Based on Imbalanced Integration

1. Egoistic
- too little integrated (selfishness)

2. Altruistic
- too much integrated (selflessness/you die for the sake of)

*Based on Moral Regulation

1. Anomic (anomie – normlessness)
- needs unfulfilled
    -- acute economic anomie – decrease of ability of social institution
    -- chronic economic anomie – industrial goals of wealth does not result in happiness
    -- acute domestic anomie – sudden change in microsocial level
    -- chronic domestic anomie – marriage over regulated the life

Sociology: Six (6) Stages of Economic Development

Six (6) Stages of Economic Development
Primitive CommunalismSlaveryFeudalismCapitalismSocialismCommunism

Sociologists: Famous Names in Sociology

Sociologists: Famous Names in Sociology

Sociology – “socius” meaning “being with others”

Auguste Comte ( 1798 – 1857 )
father of Modern SociologyPositivism3 Stages of HumanityTheological(divine right theory)Metaphysical(philosophies/social contract theory/democracy)Positivism/Science(industrialization)
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
social Darwinism
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Father of CommunismCommunism ManifestoDas CapitalStages of Economic DevelopmentHarriet Martineau (1802-1876)
translated all Comte’s work to Englishfirst feminist sociologistEmile Durkheim (1858-1920)
social facts, science approach to phenomenasociological method, religion and suicidecohesion(bond), integration(harmony), solidarity(state of being solidly united)Max Weber (1864-1920)
on the spirit of Capitalismprotestant EthicDivision of LaborRationalismBureaucracyTalcott Parsons

Origin and Development of Sociology (Modes of Survival and Production): Evolution of Humanity

Modes of Survival and Production

Evolution of Humanity

1. Hunting-Gathering
NomadsHand-to-mouth existence(trial and error)High mortality rateCarnivorousPre-literate societyMyths/animism(worship of nature)Family – clan – band – tribe – community – kingdomPantheism – statueMono/polytheismNo sense of ownershipSparse (few people)2. Horticultural
Backyard farming/permanent locationOmnivorousGovernmentBarter/tradeTreasure is based on landRegular population increaseRegular eating of meals and festivals3. Pastoral
Animal hearding (livestock)Formation of early kingdomsFortification(walls)Tax, currency4. Agricultural
FeudalismUsury(province)Satraphy(province)Government absolutely monarchy(Divine Right Theory / God incarnate) 5. Industrial
1776 – 1945Industrial revolution in EnglandCreation of machines6. Post-Industrial
Today, 21st century

Advertising: History of Print Media

Advertising: History of Print Media

Registro Mercantil de Manila (1824 – 1833, Phils.) - the first newspaper publication that advertise local products on their papers
- published current prices of commodities

La Esperanza
- featured box announcements; includes auction, lost and found La Illustracion Filipina (1859 – 1860)
- began to featured illustrated ads

El Comercio - box notice, ads with a full illustration

- improved commerce promoted print advertising
- newspapers were sometimes trilingual
- fast transformation

- formal advertising began

There used to be one man advertising - maintain contact with advertisers
- writes advertising copy
- present layout and work
- deliver to publication

Spacemen/Space brokers
- solicitors whom newspapers hired to sell space to clients
- prepare their own layout, copy and artwork
- seek to fulfill quota
- serve the personal taste of their own clients (no artist discretion)
- also sold circulation

Frank J. Heries – Napoleon of Phil. Advert…

Photography: Tips for Capturing Photos

Tips for Capturing Photos

How can we improve our photography skills? Well, just so you know, I am not a professional photographer. But here are some tips that I learned in school. These are options you can choose when conceptualizing your shots.
Capture a moment If you see it, shoot it Back off and show the terrain Get closer Watch the background Try different angles Put people in landscapes Shoot at sunrise and sunset Combine blur and sharpness Keep your camera still Blur the action Stop the motion Get super closer Look for telling/speaking details Give more space to where the subject is pointing 

Psychology and Meaning of Colors

Psychology and Meaning of Colors

- evil, unknown, heaviness, strength

Blue and Greenish Blues
- winter, coolness, ice, snow, water

Dark Blues
- royalty, haughtiness, formality

Dark Green
- cheapness, coldness

- death, mourning

Deep Red, Deep Purple and Gold
- rich quality, stateliness, formality

- Growth, life, enviousness, spring, youth, coolness, refreshing

Hot Pink
- joy, gaiety, festive, parties, celebration, parades

Light Brown - aging, simplicity, autumn, wholesomeness

Light Green
- freshness, crispness

- luxury, quietness, solidity

- excitement, passion, love, romance, bravenss, war, danger, heat, warning, strength, courage, power, summer, action, energy, blood

- actin, power, warmth, autumn

Sky Blue
- peace, serenity, calmness, youthfulness, goodness

White, Light Blue
- purity, sincerity, goodness, innocence, cleanliness

- intelligence, brightness, refreshments

Pakikipagtalastasan at Wika (Filipino)

- proseso ng paglilipat ng mensahe o impormasyon

- instrumento ng pakikipagtalastasan
- lumalawak at yumayaman

Katangian ng wika

binubuo ng tunog dinamikoarbitraryonanghihiram ang lahat ng wikamay sariling kakanyahanmay kaugnayan sa kultura
Ayon kay Frans Boas, antropologo, ang wika ng tao ay tulad ng sa hayop.Ayon kay Constantino, ang wika ay daluyan, tagapagpahayag at impukan-kuhanan ng kultura.Ayon kay Peñalosa, ang wika ay may layong lumikha ng pagbabago sa kilos, isipan at damdamin ng tao.Ayon kay Brumfit, ang gampaning pangwika ay sa kung ano ang ginagawa ng nagsasalita sa kanayng wika.Teorya sa pinagmulan

Bow-Wow – tunog ng kalikasanYum-Yum – pagkumpas o paggalawPooh-pooh – masidhing damdaminYo-he-ho – pwersang pangkatawanDing-dong – lumilikha ng sariling tunogUri ng Komunikasyon
komunikasyong verbal – nababasa at pasalitakomunikasyong di-verbal – kilos, ekspresyon ng mukhaWikang Pasalita
- may kontekstong sosyal
- …

Interview with Anastacio “Tato” Padua about his experiences and insights during the Japanese period

Interview with Anastacio “Tato” Padua about his experiences and insights during the Japanese period

Tato [my grandfather], who was ten (10) years old during the Japanese period started in 1941, is silent before he spoke; his mind drifting back to the past and we knew enough not to interfere his thoughts. Though he is not a soldier during those times, he, like the ones who witnessed the Japanese occupation in the Philippines, has something to tell. Later, when the interview started, we let him speak his mind with the least interruptions of some questions. And here is his story.

TATO: Lahat ng mga pagkain sa Maynila, lahat ng pagkain natin [mga Pilipino], kinuha nila. Wala naman kasi silang dala nu’n [na pagkain]. Apat na taon sila nandito, 1941 hanggang 1945, wala namang dumarating sa kanilang pagkain, ‘yung pagkain sa Maynila ang kinakain nila.

Interviewer: Nasa Maynila ba kayo noon?

TATO: Oo, pero umuwi kami dito nu’n nakakariton lang kami. Lahat ng gamit namin doon nakalagay. Nilakad …

Analysis on Sociological Imagination of C. Wright Mills

Analysis on Sociological Imagination of C. Wright Mills

After the multiple comprehensions I did in reading the writings of C. Wright Mills, I summed up to an idea that people do not see how the changes in history affect them. I came up to the reason that to be able to know what is happening within an individual, he should be able to possess the quality of mind connoted by Mr. Mills – the Sociological Imagination – that will help him to use information and to develop a reason in order to achieve lucid summations of what is going on in the world. Through realizing and understanding in which part of the society and of the history he contributes and he may take part, he can know his own chances in life.

People are not aware of where they should place themselves in the society. They tend to believe and view themselves as strangers because they sense that their private lives are a series of traps. That’s why they found themselves incapable of providing solutions to their own troubles. They…

Adobe Photoshop Trouble Shooting - Could not initialize photoshop because the file is locked

Adobe Photoshop Trouble Shooting - Could not initialize photoshop because the file is locked

Situation: Your scratch disk ( usually C:\\ ) is full and you can't save the project you are doing in Photoshop. So you tried to used the other partition of your hard drive ( may be D:\\ ) as scratch disk as well.
In Edit > Preferences > Performance > "You unchecked C:\\ and you checked D:\\" and then you restart the photoshop program. Then the problem occurs.

Problem: An alert box will say
"Could not initialize photoshop because the file is locked..."
and the photoshop will close when you click "Ok" or "Close/X" and the photoshop will not work anymore.

Answer: You have to edit/modify your Preferences > Performances to default again, to restore the default setting of the scratch disk. But since you couldn't start the program. You can edit it in its folder.
C:\\Documents and Settings\"you username"\Application Data\Adobe\Ado…