What is Lean Six Sigma?

LeanSix Sigma is a process improvement method.

Six Sigma reduces defects by effectively solving problems and reduces variation to produce consistent satisfactory products or services. On the other hand, Lean increases speed and efficiency of processes by reducing wastes and maximizing flow.

These methodical approaches in workplaces create value for the customer that can result in increased evenue, reduced costs, greater customer satisfaction, and improved work environment.
Benefits of using Lean Six Sigma MethodImproves Efficiency / EffectivenessLean Six Sigma methods can help you create effective processes that will maximize your business' resources and manpowerReduces CostsLess defects can save your business from spending money (in workforce, materials, equipment) in re-processing or solving the defectsIncreases Revenue / ProfitLean Six Sigma enables your business to do more with less through improving inefficient processes and using less but efficient resources. Develops Effecti…

S.M.A.R.T. | 5 Pointers in Setting Goals

Last time, we learn about the steps to achieve our goals, and just as promised, we will dig into it a bit more. Today, I'll share with you the acronym S.M.A.R.T. which stands for the 5 pointers in goal setting. We can use this pointers to assess our plan and capabilities in achieving our goals.

This tool can be helpful not only in workplaces, but also for personal aspirations.

SPECIFICDo you know exactly what you want to accomplish with all the details?

Does 'increase product sales' to vague? Of course, it is. When setting a goal, we should be specific and detailed as much as possible. So instead of saying 'increase product sales,' aim to be particular with its details — what products should increase sales, why it should increase its sales?

Let's say that our goal now is to increase the product sales of shirts with printed quotes. The store haven't sold any shirts of this kind since the last two months.

Now you are going to plan on how to market and promot…

8 Types of Wastes in Work Process

Waste is any step or movement in a process that does not add any value in order to complete the process successfully. When waste is removed, only the essential and required steps to deliver a product or service remain in the process, thus, maximizing the flow.
DefectProduct/service/output that is out of specification and needs to be corrected or reprocessedOverproductionProducing too much before it is ready to be soldWaitingTime wasted while waiting for the next step in a processTime wasted while waiting for the previous step to be completedWaiting for parts, instructions, details or equipmentsNon-utilized TalentEmployee's underutilized skills and knowledgeTransportationUnnecessary movements of products and materials from one location/process to anotherInventoryExcess materials not being processed MotionUnnecessary movements by people, info or equipment due to workspace layout, ergonomic issues, or searching for misplaced itemsExtra-ProcessingWork or activity performed that is not …

How to Get Recognition at Work

Sometimes, even when you consistently work hard, people can often overlook your efforts. You might have helped a colleague in a difficult project, presented a successful proposal, or came up with a great idea and yet you received no praise, appreciation, or recognition for your hard work.

We've all been there at some point. You might have considered talking to your supervisor about it. But the problem is, it's very disappointing when you have to ask for recognition yourself. It might seem like you're whining or being too proud of yourself if you make a direct request.

Recognition is supposed to be sincere — but how can we get the recognition we deserve at work without demanding it?
Why Should We Strive on Getting Noticed at Work? If colleagues overlooked your hard work, you might lost the opportunities to be considered for new projects, responsibilities, awards, and worse, promotions.

Here are some tips and strategies we can do to get noticed in our workplace, and I'm …

4 Steps in Achieving Your Goals

We've all been there — we all tried to set out goals, start the journey, but somehow lost along the way or get demotivated before we even reach it. Sometimes, we fail to achieve our goals because we fail to plan them ahead. We don't clearly set how we are supposed to achieve that, so when we are faced with obstacles or distractions, we tend to give up and change our minds.

Today, I share with you four simple steps in achieving our dreams and goals.
It's not enough to aim it, you must hit it. 1. What do you want?Define your goals. Write it down and have a clear idea of what you really want to achieve. In order to stay motivated in pursuing your goals, you have to be regularly aware of it, so checking your notes and list will definitely be a big help.
2. Why do you want it? For every goal, there is a good reason or motive. Whether it is for personal, family, or career purposes, goals should be something that is realistic and can have a good impact and improvement in your lif…

Notebook ni Angel Version 2.0

It's been a while since I last wrote an article for this blog — and now that I have another plan in mind, I hope I can finally push this one to reality.

This blog has always been a reflection of the student side of me — the hunger for knowledge, finding solutions to problems, ultimately sharing that newfound ideas is simply so me.

My childhood dream of becoming a teacher, I think I finally found a way to make it happen (even if it is not literally a professional teacher).

Notebook ni Angel will soon be upgraded to its second, wonderful form! Seven years ago, it's just lectures from high school and college days. Now, it will also be a blog of learning for personal and  career growth, as well as showcasing new learning techniques for students and learners alike!

There will be presentations and video tutorials here and in Youtube, so watch out for that.

I am so excited to make this happen, so let's do it!

Sensation and Perception

What is Sensation

Sensation is the processes or experiences aroused when a stimulus has excited a receptor or when any of the sense organs are stimulated.

What are Receptors

Receptors are specialized cells in the sense organs, muscles, skin and joints that detect physical and chemical changes and translates these events into impulses and passes the electrical signals to connecting neurons.

What is Stimulus

Stimulus (or stimuli) is a form of physical energy inside or outside the body which initiates activity.

The signal that travels up to the spinal cord until it reaches its receiving area in the cortex, with different receiving areas for different sensory modalities (electric signals results in sensory experience). Thus, when we experience touch, the experience is occurring in our brain, into in our skin. The electrical impulses on our brain that directly mediate the experience of touch are themselves caused by electrical impulses in touch receptors located in the skin.

Classification of…

Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

Peripheral Nervous System includes all nerve fibers and nerve cells not found in the CNS (spinal and cranial nerves). It conveys sensory information to and from the CNS to the muscles and glands.
Two main divisions of Peripheral Nervous System 1. Somatic Nervous System (SNS)
Somatic Nervous System is composed of 43 major pairs of nerves, which includes all the sensory systems and the motor nerves that activates the skeletal muscles responsible for movements. It receives sensory information from the sensory organs and controls the movements of the skeletal muscles. It comprises all voluntary and conscious movements.Cranial nerves (12 pairs) serve the sensory and motor functions of the head and neck region.Spinal nerves (31 pairs) serves the chest, trunk and extremities. Spinal nerves have sensory nevers that give rise to skin sensations and motor nerves involved in the movements of arms, legs, and portions of the trunk. (8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygcal)2. Au…

Biology: Cortical Areas of the Brain

Visual Area is located at the back of each occipital lobes. It analyzes, integrates, and translates into sight impulses projected from our visual receptors.Auditory Area is located at the surface of the temporal lobe. It is involved in the analysis of complex auditory signals and temporal patterning of sounds.Somesthic/Body Sense Area is located in the parietal lobe. It receives impulses from receptors in the skin, musclesm tendons and joints, thus causing us to experience heat, cold and pressure.Motor Area lies in front of the central fissure. It controls voluntary movements of the body and muscles movementsBroca's Area is located below the motor area. It is also called the speech-motor area. Integrates and coordinates our speech.Association Area connects with the different parts of the brain. It may mediate complex functions associated with memory, perception, judgment and language. It has a special importance in integrating and coordinating thinking and problem solving. What is…

Biology: The Lobes of the Brain

The lobes of the brain are the parts of the cerebrum.

1. Frontal lobe (front)

In the human brain, the precentral gyrus and the related costical tissue that folds into the central sulcus comprise the primary motor cortex whic controls voluntary movements of specific body parts associated with areas of the gyrus.

2. Occipital lobe (back)

The smalles of four lobes of the brain, the occipital lobe is located in the rearmost portion of the skull. The first functional area is the primary visual cortex. It contains a low-level description of the local orientation, spatial-frequency and color properties within small receptive fields. Primary visual cortex projects to the occipital areas of the ventral stream (visual area 2 and visual area 4) and the occipital areas of the dorsal stream - visual area V3, visual area MT (v5) an visual area DP.

3. Parietal lobe (top)

The parietal lobe integrates sensory information from different modalities, particularly determining spatial sense and navigation. E…