Sociologists: Famous Names in Sociology

Famous Names in Sociology

Sociologists: Famous Names in Sociology

Sociology – “socius” meaning “being with others”

Auguste Comte ( 1798 – 1857 )
  • father of Modern Sociology
  • Positivism
  • 3 Stages of Humanity
    1. Theological(divine right theory)
    2. Metaphysical(philosophies/social contract theory/democracy)
    3. Positivism/Science(industrialization)

Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
  • social Darwinism

Karl Marx (1818-1883)
  • Father of Communism
  • Communism Manifesto
  • Das Capital
  • Stages of Economic Development
Harriet Martineau (1802-1876)
  • translated all Comte’s work to English
  • first feminist sociologist
Emile Durkheim (1858-1920)
  • social facts, science approach to phenomena
  • sociological method, religion and suicide
  • cohesion(bond), integration(harmony), solidarity(state of being solidly united)
Max Weber (1864-1920)
  • on the spirit of Capitalism
  • protestant Ethic
  • Division of Labor
  • Rationalism
  • Bureaucracy
Talcott Parsons
  • Functionalism

Comments